With regard to the previous challenge, the lack of agreement to address some of the main causes of the conflict in South Sudan. Among the most serious causes of the conflict, as also noted in the final report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan in 2014, are the lack of strong democratic institutions and the continued mix of personal, ethnic and national interests, as well as the unequal distribution of resources in South Sudan10. address some of the root causes of the conflict – have long been entrenched in previous peace agreements, but have made no changes. R-ARCSS mediators needed to understand why this was the case and develop more innovative and creative interventions. The R-ARCSS has the potential to facilitate the return to peace, stability, reconciliation, unity and prosperity in South Sudan. The potential obstacles lie before us in the form of a lack of political will and determination, mistrust and mistrust between parties, the inability to address some of the root causes of the conflict, resource-efficient means and the inevitable opposition of some parties to implement politically sensitive provisions of the R-ARCSS. There are facilitators who facilitate the successful implementation of the Peace Pact: a strong agreement on substance and content, inclusiveness and representativeness of the agreement, legitimacy, the role of IGAD, the ability to maintain and maintain trust and cooperation between the parties, and the effective implementation of justice provisions national healing and reconciliation. Faced with this reality, the R-ARCSS should provide a new opportunity for all parties to renew constructive working relationships and unite their constituents at a time when the country is marked by deep-seated social divisions. This would require significant, long-term efforts to promote progressive confidence and confidence-building measures as the basis for their engagement. To achieve this, all citizens and interest groups must contribute to this. The abuse and manipulation of state institutions, as well as the persistence of patronage networks in all institutions and regions of political capital, particularly security sector bodies, remain one of the most in conflict. Notwithstanding this phenomenon, Article 1.6 on the Powers, Functions and Responsibilities of the President gives carte blanche to the President-in-Office, despite the relatively negligible and politically insignificant checks that are attempted by the provisions of Article 1.9 relating to “collegiate cooperation in decision-making and continuous consultation”. South Sudan`s policy can remain vulnerable and vulnerable to political risks and the risks of a strong political policy, as a very powerful president still exists.
While IGAD should be credited with allowing a relaunched JMEC to continue to monitor and evaluate ARCSS and to report both the UNTTR and the IGAD Chair The progress of implementation (and non-transposition), the reality is that the panel continues to be loaded with enormous responsibilities and little power.